If you have heard about cybercrime, that you would have heard about the cyber laws also. As these laws are made to handle or prevent such cybercrimes only. The cyber laws are the legal laws which help deal with cyberspace, internet, and the issues related to the same. In another language, the Cyber laws are also called as the Internet Laws. This is because they control how people will make use of the internet. There is both type of cyber laws; one is the civil laws and the other is the criminal laws.
In the world of digitalization, cyber laws have got another name as well, that is Digital Laws. If there is any law that controls or checks on how you make use of the internet, smartphones, computers, laptops, or such other device or technology, they are termed as cyber laws. Cyber laws help monitor all the digital ways to communicate with each other and to share things on the internet through different mediums.
What is the need for Cyber Laws?
In this modern era, it is very important to have cyber laws to safeguard people from different types of frauds happening over the internet. Be it any organization or any person, cyber laws cover everyone who is there on the internet. It helps in saving and protecting one from malicious crime and people who are there on the internet and are trying to harm others. Any kind of fraud with any organization or a person that happens on the internet can be recorded under cyber law. And strict actions should be taken against the person according to the cybercrime they have committed. If cyber laws will not be there, people will easily commit the crime on the internet and will indulge in fraud activities.
What actions can be taken if someone commits the cybercrime?
We cannot define or tell what actual actions can be taken against a person or organization who is indulged into the cybercrime or who breaks the cyber laws. Because there are different types of punishments which one gets on committing a cybercrime. It will depend on the situation of the cybercrime. Like how the person broke the cyber law, which place or country the law was broken, how many people were indulged, and how big the cybercrime is. Like if someone is running a website which breaks the cyber laws, then the website will get suspended. And the IP Address and account will also get blocked. Proper reviewing is done in order to check how serious and how big or small the crime is.
What kind of issues are dealt with using Cyber Laws?
There is not a single issue that comes under cyber laws. As cyber law is quite big and it covers many areas. Some of them are mentioned below.
- Copyright – The copyright issue is not a new issue, as it is there for a long time. Be it any picture, any music or any videos which have copyright, cannot be used by someone else without taking proper permission. In the cyber laws, copy infringement defends the rights of any business or an individual to make use of or to get profit from their work that is available on the internet.
- Fraud – There can be different types of frauds like credit card theft, bank details hacking, identity theft, etc. One may have to face state criminal charges also if such types of frauds are done. Cyber laws protect the consumers and the users from these internet frauds. Any types of financial crime that have been committed online are monitored by cyber laws. Cyber criminals exploit different avenues to illegally obtain information by hacking a hook up site, adult dating apps, and email accounts.
- Stalking and Harassment – Anyone can make the use of the internet with a smartphone and an internet pack. This has increased crimes like stalking and harassment also. Sometimes these crimes lead to worst situations like threatening someone, or people committing suicide, or murders, etc. Stalking someone over the internet and making some online comments or statements which are harassing a person, also leads to the violation of the cyber laws and criminal laws.
There are a few other areas as well which are covered under the cyber laws like freedom of speech, contracts and employment law, trade secrets, and a few others.